There is no denying integrity and confidentiality of data has turned to be one of the biggest online concerns. Likewise, the increase in number of DNS leak issues has added fuel to the fire when it comes to exploring various measures that relate to secure web browsing.
In this guide, I would like to highlight DNS leaks issues and how you can keep your privacy intact through DNS leak test.
What is DNS and how it Works?
DNS is a Domain Name System that allows your devices to communicate with the internet system appropriately. In the absence of DNS, the internet will not work and provide you the required browsing results.
Whether you use Windows, Mac, Android or iOS, all devices have an IP address. This IP address helps computer systems or devices in working and recognizing together. Furthermore, it aids your browser in identifying the devices to whom results should be delivered.
Image Credit: TechNet
If you enter a URL www.vpnranks.com into your browser then the browser will send the request to your DNS server. Hence, the DNS server transfers the request to IP address set up for that particular domain name.
Through IP address, your browser shows your desired website in no time.
How does my VPN leak DNS?
Unfortunately, you can become a victim of DNS leak if these two below mentioned situations arise:
- Your device directs DNS traffic outside the VPN tunnel
- Your device directs DNS traffic with the help of VPN tunnel but do not send to your VPN DNS servers
As a result, third parties may trace your online activities like list of websites. Similarly, they can monitor your activities through your apps too.
Image Credit: The Windows Club
What causes DNS leak?
Sadly, different factors can lead to DNS leakage issue. Therefore, you have to perform DNS leak test to secure your privacy. Here is the list of those factors that may contribute towards DNS leaking hassle:
- You are not using a VPN app
- If your router is controlled by hacker
- If you have done manual DNS setup
You are not using a VPN app
In case you have performed manual VPN configuration, risks of DNS leaks improve to another level. Thus, you should consider using VPN apps to overcome DNS leak problems.
If your router is controlled by hacker
If you are using a public Wi-Fi, a hacker can disclose your DNS traffic by sending it outside of VPN tunnel. Hence, you need to avail a VPN service that offers DNS leak protection feature.
If you have done manual DNS setup
If you have categorically explained to your operating about not using DNS servers of your VPN services, you may find yourself in trouble. By conducting DNS leak fix process; you can avoid anticipating DNS leaking issues.
How to test for DNS leaks?
You can test for DNS leaks through a simple procedure. Here is how you can do:
- Go to DNS leak test website
- You should check if displayed IP address and location correlate with your actual IP address and location
- If this is the case, you are exposing your true identity
- Either your VPN is not working or not connected
- During the best DNS leak test if your actual ISPs DNS servers are not shown, your VPN is working and your traffic is protected
Image Credit: Dark Web News
How your IP could be leaked?
You may face IP leak hassles in different ways. You may contemplate these IP leaks in the form of torrent DNS IP leak, WebRTC DNS leak and VPN IP DNS leak.
Torrent DNS IP leak
Surprisingly, your IP addresses can be identified through torrenting process. When you conduct torrenting task, your torrent client can insert your IP address into various packets it delivers to tracker. Check out best VPN for torrenting to bypass the above problem instantly.
WebRTC DNS leak
WebRTC, commonly known as Web real-time communication is a process by which users can perform tasks like audio and video call within web browsers. Sadly, the above-explained procedure may become a cause of WebRTC DNS leak issue.
VPN IP DNS leak
When you use a VPN, you can hide all your online activities. However, your DNS queries are not limited to an unknown network as it is directed to local network, which your system knows. The DNS queries are sent to neighboring DNS server straightaway without the protection of a VPN.
The neighboring DNS server identifies all your DNS queries you make. This way, your actual IP is exposed
Major DNS leak issues explored
You may face different DNS leak issues like irregular network configuration, IPv6 and Windows OS versions. Here is the list of crucial DNS leak hassles that consists of:
Irregular network configuration
Netizens from all around the world uses different Wi-Fi connections like office Wi-Fi, home Wi-Fi, and public Wi-Fi. You may anticipate unstable DNS system issue that could lead to DNS leak in the end.
The number of internet-connected devices is increasing at a humongous pace. Consequently, demand of unused IP addresses are on the higher side. But, the IP addresses are low in IPv4. Hence, IPv4 has been replaced by IPv6.
The transition phenomenon between IPv4 and IPv6 protocols has improved the chances of DNS leak hassles
Windows OS versions
Unfortunately, the latest versions of Windows have also increased the probability of DNS leak problems considerably. The feature of smart multi-homed named resolution is included in Windows 8 and other latest versions.
The said benefit improves your internet browsing speeds and sends request to all available DNS servers. Thus, you may face DNS leak issues on your latest Windows devices.
Image Credit: DNS Leak Test
How can I prevent DNS leak?
The procedure of DNS leak prevention is a detailed one. Still, you should perform this process to attain online freedom. It is not a bad idea if you apply DNS leak security method on your browsers and operating systems.
Once you have secured your devices including browsers and operating systems through DNS leak protection process, you can conduct DNS leak test to check the reality.
DNS leak test Windscribe
Windscribe is a freemium VPN service that provides DNS leak protection feature to users. When you connect to Windscribe server, you are able to attain a random IP address. Interestingly, DNS server for each location uses the same IP address. As a result, your DNS servers and IP addresses will not be the same.
Above all, DNS queries are routed through secure tunnels. By doing so, you can reduce the IP leak probability completely.
You can consider reading a detailed guide on best free VPN.
- Open Control Panel by clicking on Windows button
- Click Control Panel then type “Network and Sharing” from upper right hand corner
- Click on “Network and Sharing Center” and click “Change Adapter Settings” too
- You should right click on network adapter you want to use and click Properties
- Choose Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and click Properties
- Ensure you do not have the SCS DNS entries described under Use the following DNS server addresses
- Opt obtain DNS server address automatically
- You should right click Start menu and choose “Network connection”
- Right click on network connection you are using and choose Properties
- Click on Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), click on Properties again
- Kindly ensure you have opted “Obtain IP address automatically and “Obtain DNS server Automatically”
- Click “OK” and exit from all the Windows
- Norton ConnectSafe
- Commodo Secure DNS
- Google Public DNS Server
- DNS Advantage
I hope you would have appreciated my guide on DNS leak test. DNS leaks have become alarming threats. They pose serious question marks on users’ privacy even in the presence of such a unique commodity like VPN.
Still, you should not lose your hopes as I have described various DNS leaks in detail. I have also mentioned steps that relate to best DNS leak test. This way, you can secure your privacy to another level.
Feel free to share your thoughts in comments section below.