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TCP-vs-UDP

TCP is different from UDP because of its reliability. Both of these protocols send and receive messages, but TCP is more reliable because it guarantees to send the message in the same order.

UDP on the other hand is not as reliable as TCP because it does not guarantees to send the message. But UDP is fast and is recommended for streaming and online gaming purposes.

Do you wish to know the major differences between TCP vs UDP? This guide helps in understanding the two protocols in simple terms.

 

TCP vs UDP Comparison Table

Here is a quick comparison between the two protocols:

TCPUDP
TCP is a connection-oriented protocol which means establishing a connection is required by communicating devices before and after the data is transmitted.UDP is a datagram oriented protocol which is a connectionless protocol that continuously sends datagram to recipients.
The delivery of data is guaranteed which makes it reliable.The delivery of data is not guaranteed.
It has an extensive error-checking mechanismIt has a basic error-checking system  called checksums
There is a sequencing of dataThere is no sequencing of data
It is comparatively slowerIt is comparatively faster an simpler
The length header is 20-80 bytesIt has a fixed length header of 8 bytes.
It doesn’t support broadcastingBroadcasting is supported

 

What is TCP?

TCP commonly known as Transmission Control Protocol is a connection oriented protocol that are used by computers to communicated over the internet.

It guarantees the delivery of data and in the same order as it was sent. It is reliable, but has slow speed. When you talk to your friend online, send an email or surf the page through your browser, you tend to send data over the internet. Surprisingly, you send the data in small packets and that is what TCP is.

 

What is UDP?

Unlike TCP, UDP is a connection-less protocol. It also perform the same function that is sending data packets over the internet. UDP stands for User Datagram Protocol.

This protocol sends data packet at much faster pace as compared to TCP. This is why it does not follow error-checking process at all. It overlooks reliability factor that makes UDP a lightweight protocol.

 

TCP and UDP: What are the Major Differences?

As already discussed, both TCP and UDP are used to make online communications efficient between the server and client. Here is the list of some of the other key differences you should consider before selecting your preferred internet protocol:

  • Security
  • Speed
  • Connection
  • Header
  • Ports
  • Usage
  • Ordering

 

Security

TCP is more complex than UDP, which makes it difficult to spoof. Since TCP guarantees that the data is sent and received in an uninterrupted form, it means that there will be no missing or tempered data. UDP does not guarantees that the message will be received.

Speed

UDP is faster than TCP because TC has a lot of work to do. First, it establishes a connection, then performs error-check, and guarantees that the file is received in a perfect order.

Connection

TCP is connection focused and UDP is connectionless. TCP creates connection between the server and client before sending data packets.

You may term the above described process as TCP handshaking process. In case of UDP, you will not find such kind of connection. data packets are usually sent on individual basis without taking reliability into account.

Header

UDP has a fixed 8 bytes which is considerably much smaller than TCP and that is the reason why it fast. TCP header is 20 bytes and takes some time for the data to send and receive.

Ports

Both of these protocols use ports. Your computer can run both the application on Port 80. For example: IP address + (TCP or UDP protocol ) + Port number.

Usage

TCP is needed when there is high reliability required and timing of little to no concern:

  • World Wide Web (HTTP,HTTPS)
  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
  • Email
  • Secure Shell (SSH)

UDP is required when speed and efficiency is of major concern:

  • VPN
  • DNS
  • Video streaming
  • Live TV broadcasting
  • Online games
  • VoIP services

Ordering

The data sent through TCP will guarantee that it will be received in the same order. However, this is not the case with UDP because it sends data in any order.

 

TCP vs UDP Common Differences

Here is an analysis of the two protocols based on multiple factors:

Basis for AnalysisTCPUDP
Connection TypeConnection orientedConnection less
SpeedSlowFast
MeaningTransmission Control ProtocolUser Datagram protocol
Size of header20 bytes8 bytes
Acknowledgement gives acknowledgementDoes not give acknowledgment
Reliability YesNo
Congestion controlYesNo
ApplicationsEmail, web browsing, file transferGaming, video conferencing, streaming

 

Wrapping Up

Selecting the right protocol really depends upon your need. If you want something fast and quick, then UDP is appropriate. But if you want reliable connection, there is only one protocol and that is TCP.

If you belong to a corporate world, TCP turns out to the right option for you. In situations like sharing and handling crucial data, you are bound to rely on reliability. Thus, you should use TCP protocol. Likewise, you can select TCP to perform banking or financial transactions anonymously.

On the other hand, if speed is your ultimate choice, opt UDP protocol without a shadow of doubt. In case you want to play online games with better speeds, use UDP protocol again.

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