Roll up your sleeves and man up guys, Cyber Monday is here.
We have rounded up exclusive Cyber Monday/Black Friday VPN deals from PureVPN, NordVPN, Surfshark, CyberGhost, ExpressVPN, Ivacy and other amazing deals.
It’s the time of the year when we get to witness some of the absolute ridiculous deals and bare knuckle brawls of all time.
But if you’re a VPNRanks subscriber, you can cash in on some amazing deals without having to deal with any crap.
How so…? Well, I’ll tell you how:
Instead of grinding against some sweaty old dude in Walmart, you can stay home and enjoy some of the crazy deals we’re offering this year.
How crazy …?
Well we’ve rounded up some of the best VPN providers in the industry, and convinced them to lower their prices just for you.
So whether you want a VPN for Kodi or an overall VPN for ultimate privacy, you absolutely need to check out the exclusive Black Friday/Cyber Monday VPN Deals we have for you.
1. PureVPN Cyber Monday – Exclusive Deal
As if their prices weren’t already affordable enough, PureVPN is offering some exclusive VPN deals Cyber Monday/Black Friday this year.
Normally their monthly plan runs for $10.95 a month and the cheapest plan they currently offer is a 1 year plan which goes for about $4.09 with a 63% discount.
Now… trust me, these prices are already really cheap, however if you act quickly enough you can avail an amazing 88% discount on Cyber Monday.
Instead of paying $10.95, you guys would only have to pay $1.32 a month for their 5 year deal.
Don’t think this deal is worth it…?
Well think again:
PureVPN is a Hong Kong based VPN provider, offering its services in all the major countries of the world. It also offers a decent amount of server, 2000+ to be exact.
Besides that it even offers a 31 days money back guarantee that allows you to use the service for more than a month as per your term.
Now if that’s not an amazing deal to avail I don’t know what is. What do you think of Purevpn’s black Friday offer?
Note: Want to know more about PureVPN, check out our exclusive PureVPN review.
2. NordVPN Cyber Monday/Black Friday deal – Jaw dropping 75% discount
Nord is another giant that’s been crushing the discount game lately.
You can avail a 75% discount on their 3 year plan through Nord VPN Cyber Monday deals.
That’s an insane discount!
Instead of paying $11.95 or $6.99 a month, you only have to pay a mere $2.99 a month subscription fee to avail 3 full year coverage of their world famous VPN.
Not convinced…? You will be soon:
NordVPN has the largest server count of any VPN provider in the industry. It also offers robust privacy protocols and is fully P2P compatible.
Best of all it can unblock streaming services like Netflix and Hulu.
Note: Want to know more about NordVPN, check out our exclusive NordVPN review.
3. SurfShark- Cyber Monday/Black Friday coupons 2018
Despite being rather new in the industry, Surfshark is already stirring up the industry with its impressive features and powerful performance.
It’s also one of the cheapest VPN you can go for. However, being cheap hasn’t stopped it from taking part in the festive sales.
On this Black Friday Cyber Monday/ VPN sale, Surfshark is offering an exclusive discount of 83% to VPNRanks subscribers, which is insane.
Well, Surfshark charges $11.95 a month for their monthly plan and $5.99 a month for their 1 year plan. However, if you choose our exclusive offer, you’d only have to pay $1.99 a month for their 2 year plan.
Now that’s value for money.
Note: Want to know more about Surfshark, check out our exclusive Surfshark review.
4. CyberGhost VPN- Ridiculously cheap Cyber Monday/Black Friday offer
Next up, we have CyberGhost.
This black and yellow provider is all about offering the best privacy at reasonable prices.
But reasonable isn’t good enough for VPNRanks subscribers, which is why we’re hooking you guys up with an exclusive black Friday deal that no other provider is offering.
How exclusive is it…?
Well let’s just say it involves a 77% discount.
Typically their 1 month and 6 months plan run for $11.99 and $4.99 respectively. However, if you choose the exclusive 77% discount deal we’re offering you, you’ll only have to pay $2.75 a month for 18 months.
Now that’s a pretty cool discount if I should say so myself.
5. ExpressVPN Cyber Monday/Black Friday- 49% discount deal
ExpressVPN is one of those providers that rarely ever offer any discounts or promotional deals.
However, since black Friday is just around the corner and the competition is tougher than ever, you can find some ExpressVPN Cyber Monday/black Friday deal surfacing online.
Right now their best Cyber Monday/black Friday vpn deals 2018 consists of a 49% discount.
Now you might thinking, 49% discount isn’t all that much, but just hear me out…
First of all ExpressVPN is among the most premium VPN subscriptions you can get. Naturally their plans are a bit pricier than its competitor.
For instance, their monthly plan runs for $12.95 and their half yearly plan costs $9.99. Now both of these plans are by no means cheap.
However, if you compare it to the 15 months 49% off ExpressVPN deal, you’re only paying $6.67 a month, which is unbelievable.
When you consider their 2000+ servers and ultra-fast performance, this offer makes all the sense in the world.
Note: Want to know more about ExpressVPN, check out our exclusive ExpressVPN review.
6. Ivacy VPN Cyber Monday/Black Friday discount – 77% Off
Making our way further down the list, we have Ivacy.
It’s a refreshing new VPN provider that has been my personal favorite for the past year. It’s fast, reliable and best of all, inexpensive.
But don’t think just because its inexpensive, we haven’t hooked you guys up with a discount offer.
In the spirit of black Friday, Ivacy is also offering a Massive discount offer.
How massive exactly…?
Well, you’ll probably won’t believe me when I say 77% discount. Yup, that’s right, Ivacy is charging only $2.25 per month for their 2 year plan. Besides that, you get 1 year absolutely free.
That is just ridiculous!
And oh! Before I forget I do want to mention they have more than 450 servers and supports all sorts of strong military grade encryption protocols to keep you safe.
Note: Want to know more about IvacyVPN, check out our exclusive IvacyVPN review.
VPN Deals by Other VPN Providers in 2018
The VPN providers I discussed above are the giants of the industry and you can never go wrong with them.
There are a lot of other lesser known VPNs out there that are also offering exciting deals this Cyber Monday/Black Friday.
Down below I have compiled a list of only the best VPN providers I could find.
AzireVPN is a pretty cool VPN service. It operates in 5 locations and offers 22 dedicated private servers. Don’t let the small server count fool you though, as it’s got all the features you’ll probably need.
AzireVPN offers P2P, full IPV6 support, NAT IPv4, unlimited bandwidth and best of all no data logging.
Their 1 month plan costs €5 a month. However, if you choose their 24 month 40% discount offer, you’ll only have to pay €3 a month. For further details visit
MacSentry is another awesome VPN service definitely worth trying. Although mainly targeted for Mac users, it is compatible with Windows.
Feature wise this provider offers, Network Lock, unlimited bandwidth, AES-256 and OpenVPN among others cool privacy features.
MacSentry is also offering a pretty hearty 64% discount this black Friday.
Instead of paying $9.99 for their monthly plan, you can avail their discount offer and pay only $3.58 a month for the whole year. To view more go to
PrivateVPN is one of the most secure and anonymous VPNs out in the industry today. Its Sweden based and offers anonymity unlike any other.
PrivateVPN offers over 100 secure servers in 57 countries around the world. Besides having a pretty impressive global footprint, PrivateVPN offers features any privacy enthusiast would appreciate.
6 simultaneous connections, AES-256 bit encryption, zero logs, unlimited bandwidth and many other fascinating features all come standard with PrivateVPN.
PrivateVPN is offering quite a deal this Black Friday. You can get their most popular 24 months plan at a 76% discounted price of $2.55/mo.
10. Hotspot Shield
Hotspot shield is among those providers that has always been in the limelight. Covered by Forbes, Business Insider, NBC and others, this provider is not shy of being in the public eye.
After all, when your service is that good, you have the right to brag a little bit.
Although Hotspot shield doesn’t normally offer discounts, however because of black Friday they are offering an awesome 65% discount on their 1 year plan.
If you haven’t tried ZenVPN till now, you’re seriously missing out. Its affordable, blazing fast, secure and free to try.
However, you’ll definitely want to purchase their subscription as it’s just that good. It keeps no logs and its zero configuration setup makes it super easy to use right out of the box.
ZenVPN is also offering a pretty decent 30% discount this black Friday, so definitely don’t miss out on it. View its website to view more deals
HolaVPN is a bit different than some of the other VPNs in this list. It is the first community powered P2P VPN of its kind.
HolaVPN has over 169 million users worldwide and offers cool features like ad free browsing, geo lock bypassing and best of all, a video accelerator.
Their monthly plan costs $11.95 a month, however their black Friday deal offers a 66% discount, so you’ll only have to pay $3.99 a month for their 2 year plan.
VPN-Unlimited is a pretty solid multiplatform VPN provider. It offers total security, absolute privacy and uncompromised speeds at most affordable rates.
Although VPN-Unlimited offers a free 7 day trial, however, their service is so good you’ll definitely want to upgrade to their premium subscription.
VPN-Unlimited is also offering an awesome 75% discount. You can get their 3 year unlimited subscription plan for a discounted price of $2.78 a month.
FlowVPN is a robust VPN provider that offers worldwide coverage with its 100+ servers all across the world. It offers strong encryption and uncompromised security, along with an ease of mind that you’ll probably end up loving.
Their service is already very affordable, only costing $5.99 a month, however that doesn’t mean they are not offering any discounts.
In fact, this black Friday, FlowVPN is offering an amazing 50% off their regular price. Instead of paying $5.99 a month you’ll only have to pay $3.99 a month for their 1 year plan. Visit their website
Faceless.Me is another cool VPN service I stumbled upon recently. It is supported on all devices and does do a pretty good job encrypting your traffic.
Faceless.Me offer both free and premium accounts. However, their free version does come with a lot of limitations.
If you prefer superb performance and no limitations then definitely try their premium service. Generally their 3 month plan costs $6.65 a month, however with a 25% discount on their 6 month plan, you’ll only have to pay 4.99$ a month. To view more deals go to
FrootVPN is a highly secure VPN service you can opt right now. Although you might have never heard of this provider before, it is definitely worth looking in to.
Its offers strong protocols, NAT firewall, torrenting, unlimited bandwidth and other cool features that you’ll love.
All these features are only offered for a mere price of $4.99 a month. However, if you want further reductions, you can opt their 12 month 40% discount offer, which will only end up costing you $2.99 a month.
Looking for a decent and affordable VPN service?
Look no further…
FlyVPN is a very low-key VPN you can go for without worrying about a thing. It’s fast, reliable and even offers a 30 day money back guarantee.
FlyVPN is offering a pretty cool discount this black Friday. Instead of choosing their regular plan you can select their 1 year plan to avail 33% discount on their regular prices.
With a discount of 33% you’ll only have to pay an annual subscription fee of $80, which is not bad at all. You can visit their official website for more details
VPN-In-Touch is among the most laidback VPN services I have seen so far. Although not as feature rich as some of the other VPN providers we have discussed so far, it definitely gets the job done.
Their monthly plan is a bit expensive considering the lack of features, however their 1 year plan is pretty reasonable. Their 1 year plan also comes with a 70% discount and will only end up costing you $29.99 a year. Get the deal from here
19. Stream VIA
If you’re having trouble accessing blocked websites and content in your region, it’s probably time to get Stream VIA VPN.
Stream VIA VPN allows you to access all your favorite streaming websites including Netflix.
Besides that, you can also access Twitter, Skype and even Facebook. Security wise it is pretty capable too and boasts several topnotch encryption protocols such as OpenVPN, L2TP/IPsec, and PPTP.
Stream VIA VPN offers 3 plans, however their “VPN all plus plan” is the most economical. It will cost you around £69.99 GBP Annually. Official Website:
Torguard might not be the cheapest VPN out there, however, the level of privacy and features it offers, definitely makes this provides worth the money.
Speaking of features, Torguard supports military grade encryption (AES 128-bit, AES 256-bit), kill switch, unlimited bandwidth and an amazing 24/7 live chat support.
Torguard offers multiple plans with varying features and prices. The best VPN deals Black Friday they’re offering right now is a privacy bundle and it only costs $11.54 a month.
21. Boleh VPN
BolehVPN is another great VPN service that provides you online security, and anonymity through its amazing VPN servers. Although its service is marginally better than some of the other VPNs in its class, it is still a bit on the pricier side.
Boleh VPN offers a one year deal at $79.99 and it even offers a free trial for new subscribers.
22. Invisible browsing VPN
Invisible Browsing VPN, a VPN that is praised over the internet for its speed and support, has also come up with an amazing deal.
If you want to save up some major cash this black Friday, definitely get their 38% discount offer.
Instead of paying $59.40 for 12 moth plan, you’ll only have to pay $36.95.
Now that’s a good offer!
Trust.Zone is one VPN provider that has been offering quite decent discounts for years now.
Over the years we’ve seen discounts like 25% and 30%. However, this year they are offering something big.
This black Friday, Trust.Zone is offering an awesome 53% discount on their 1 year plan.
Instead of paying $6.99 a month, you can get their 1 year plan for only $3.33 a month.
24. Cactus VPN
One word for Cactus VPN… “Amazing”, it is one product that just feels solid.
Whether you’re just looking for a bit of privacy or cutting edge geo lock bypassing, Cactus VPN is perfect for you.
This Black Friday, Cactus VPN is offering 51%, 23% and 10% discounts for all the new subscribers.
With such amazing discounts, the max you’ll have to pay for their most popular plan is just $49.99 a year.
25. Tiger VPN
Trusted, Powerful and Secure, if that’s the kind of VPN you’re looking for, then Tiger VPN is your best bet.
It’s pretty much compatible with all devices and offers all the features you can imagine.
Tiger VPN is offering some great discounts as well this year. You can avail 20%, 77% and 58% discount on their 1 month, 3 year and 12 month plan respectively.
The max you’ll have to pay for their Best deal is a mere $2.75 a month.
26. Tunnel Bear
Although mostly used as a free VPN service, TunnelBear has got some great paid plans as well.
Not only is it super affordable, but also dead simple to use. You can save 50% with their Black Friday VPN Deals 2018 and pay only $59.99 for the whole year.
Now that’s a major discount!
Let’s just hope their cyber Monday VPN deals offers even more discounts.
27. Le VPN
Le VPN is a self-proclaimed #1 VPN in the all of Europe.
Although I haven’t personally tested their service, however the fact they’ve been mentioned on CNN, Forbes and The Huffington post, suggests they are very well renowned.
Le VPN is also offering some noteworthy discounts this year. The most notable of which is a 50% off offer.
Looking to score a massive discount on VPNs? ZoogVPN, might just be the VPN for you.
It’s fast, reliable and best of all, multi device compatible.
This year, in the race to offer the best VPN black Friday deals, ZoogVPN is offering amazing 75%, 58% and 42% discount on its yearly, half yearly and monthly pricing plans.
IVPN is all about taking complete control of who has access to your private data. This is probably why more than 24,000 people use it daily.
It’s easy to setup, doesn’t keep logs and offers 24/7 support. You can avail their awesome 1 year 44% off deal and pay only $8.33 a month.
Windscribe is probably one of the best free VPNs in the industry. However, a lot of people don’t know it also offers paid subscriptions.
Granted free is tempting, but you do have to deal with limitations.
Their paid subscriptions aren’t expensive at all, in fact if you opt their exclusive VPN black Friday sale, you can get their annual plan at a 55% discounted price.
31. My Private Network
My Private Network is perhaps the best sought of VPN money can buy. It is also rated five star on Trust pilot.
It has plenty of servers and cool privacy features to satisfy most user’s needs.
My Private Network is also offering some discounts this black Friday, however, nothing too crazy. The max discount they’re offering is only 20%.
VyprVPN is quite different than most VPN providers in the industry. Instead of using 3rd party servers, VyprVPN uses their own personal servers.
Besides that, they offer tons of cool features for secure browsing.
VyprVPN black Friday plan costs $5.00 a month and their premium plan costs $6.67 a month.
Unlike some other VPN services, you don’t necessarily have to be a rocket scientist to use Hideme. It’s just that easy to use.
Hide.me lets you unblock websites without leaving a single trace, while keeping your online activity private.
You can opt their best Black Friday VPN deals and use their premium service for only $9.99 a month.
BVPN is a VPN solution for both businesses and personal use. It is easy to use, secure and offers affordable price plans. Currently they are offering a 20% discount on their yearly deal and you can get it for only $90 a year.
They also have a 15% discount on their half early plans and you can get it for only $50.
So if you’re planning to buy VPN Black Friday deals, this is a good one to get. Visit its official website for more plans.
F-secure is an easy-to-use VPN which is available in all the major countries of the world. It currently offers a great VPN deal to its users. You can get the service after paying €49.90 on monthly basis.
SaferVPN is an impressive VPN service striving hard to become a major online security provider in future. The provider is currently offering its services in 35 countries through 700+ servers worldwide. The users can avail discount up to 70% on its two year plan by paying just $78.96.
37. ShadeYou VPN
ShadeYou VPN is another online privacy provider you can opt to attain online anonymity. The service is currently offering 71% discount to its users on its annual plan. You can avail the said discount by paying $27.99.
38. Private Internet Access
Private Internet Access is a user-friendly VPN service that you can avail @ $ 39.95 on yearly basis. Thus, you can avail 52% discount on its annual plan.
39. OverPlay VPN
OverPlay VPN is an interesting choice for those users who want to use a budget-friendly VPN service. The provider is offering its annual plan at the cost of $99.99 that means you can get 17% discount.
LiquidVPN is another excellent VPN service that can fulfill your online needs hassle-free. The provider is offering its Sidekick plan on yearly basis at the cost of $57.00.
41. Kepard VPN
Kepard VPN is offering interesting annual plan that you can avail at the cost of $ 35.00.
42. IronSocket VPN
IronSocket VPN is another budget friendly VPN service that offers its annual pricing plan @ $49.95.
43. CELO VPN
CELO VPN is presently providing its annual pricing plan at the cost of $66.00 to its users. Hence, you can accomplish your black Friday VPN desires hassle-free.
HideIPVPN is another VPN service that offering its Ninja Power annual plan @ $70 to its subscribers.
45. Avira Phantom VPN
Avira Phantom VPN is another cost effective online privacy provider currently offering 53% discount on its two yearly plan. After paying $117.00, you can get the above mentioned concession.
46. Astrill VPN
Astrill VPN is another VPN service currently providing 47% discount on its annual pricing plan at the cost of $99.00.
47. Betternet VPN
Betternet VPN is another VPN service currently providing its monthly pricing plan at the cost of $35.00. Therefore, you are able to get 75% discount quite easily.
48. Zenmate VPN
Zenmate VPN is another VPN service currently providing its annual pricing plan at $71.99. As a result, you can obtain 40% discount upfront.
49. LIBERTY VPN
Avail Liberty VPN this Black Friday get a special 70% discount on all its plans. Secure your connections and enjoy your freedom to the fullest. For further details view their official website
Spread across 6 countries with 39 servers offering just $7.00/month is definitely a worth looking deal by OVPN. You can save 40% after subscribing its annual plan.
ActiVPN is fast and very secure, so grab yours one today on this Black Friday for as low as 3€ /m and priced 39.99€ annually.
Enjoy your internet freedom this Cyber Monday with NoodleVPN offering $4.8/m across 25 different locations. View more for further deals
Lamina which offers a VPN solution to small businesses is making a name for itself in the industry. With Dynamic IP option it is offering a 2.99 pound deal for 1st month only. View the official website.
54. Sahrzad VPN
Mask your IP address with Sahrzad VPN offering a yearly plan at the cost of $89.99 and save up to 53% on this Cyber Monday. Official website
Vpntraffic is offering a yearly VPN plan for $35 with servers spread across 60+ countries.
Unblock TV shows and movies this Cyber Monday with Acevpn offering $3.89 monthly plan.
Offering maximum security levels, CIENEN is the right VPN for those who loves their freedom. It is providing discount of $19 that you can get after entering code “Nineteen”. View more for more offerings
Avail amazing benefits this Cyber Monday with blackVPN privacy, global, and TV plans those provide security and unblock your favorite content.
RapidVPN is offering a lifetime VPN deals this Cyber Monday. So enjoy your dedicated IP and stay anonymous.
Save 20% off this Cyber Monday through “TakeOff20” coupon code on StrongVPN and shop securely. You can also avail 425 discount on its annual pricing plan.
Get AirVPN for 7 euros a month with no traffic limit and no time limit. You can also obtain its 3 months, six months and yearly pricing plans at the cost of 15 euros, 30 euros, & 54 euros respectively.
Speedify works with all the operating systems and is fast and secure. Get Speedify this Cyber Monday for $49.99/year.
63. Avast SecureLine VPN
64. Norton Wi-Fi Privacy VPN
Norton do not track or store your internet activity and provides bank level encryption with their VPN to hide your location.
It’s available for as low as $3.33/month for a full year.
65. Cryptostorm VPN
Cryptostorm is mostly recommended for file shares, privacy and people who surf Dark Web. Pay $52 for one year that is
approximately for $1.86/month.
VikingVPN provides shared IP address and functions just like Private Internet Access, giving a single address to multiple users. Avail it at $9.99/month for a yearly plan.
67. UnoTelly VPN
UnoTelly VPN has a built-in parental control which makes it unique. Buy it DNS +VPN plan for $7.94/month which is available for one whole year.
68. WiTopia VPN
WiTopia VPN is a known name in the VPN arena and they have a wide range of servers spread across 40+ countries. Get the basic personal VPN plan for $3.06/month.
Boxpn is fast in comparison to other VPNs. They never store your private information because they believe in customer privacy. Buy the yearly plan for only $35.88 which breaks into $2.99/month.
Anonymizer is different from other VPN providers. You can trust anonymizer will never view, track, or keep logs of the websites you visit. Buy the yearly plan for only $79.99 which breaks into $6.66/month.
Gotrusted is an amazing provider with fast streaming and unblock all websites (including geo-blocked content). Avail it at $7.49/month.
VPNTunnel gives you security and allows you to get freedom of streaming access. Avail the best annually offer at $35.88 which breaks in to $2.99/month and provides 70% discount.
Privatoria gives you double protection and allows you stream securely over the globe. Protect your server by availing Privatoria VPN.
Unblock.US provides you freedom, security, flexibility and speed while streaming your favorite Movies, TV Shows, sports and Live TV. Get an Annual Cyber Monday/Black Friday VPN plan in just $49.90 which break up at $4.99 a month.
SwitchVPN gives you freedom of streaming access all over the world anonymously. Best offer for 1 year $69.95 @ $5.82/month.
Multi-year Black Friday / Cyber Monday VPN Deals:
- PureVPN – $79.20 for 5 years @1.32/mo [Save up to 88% off]
- NordVPN – $107.55 for 3 years @2.99/mo [Save up to 75% off]
- IvacyVPN – $80 for 5 years @1.34/mo [Save up to 87% off]
- CyberGhost VPN – $49.50 for 18 Months @2.75/mo [Save up to 77% off]
- SaferVPN – $82.40 for 3 years @2.29/mo [Save up to 80% off]
- PrivateVPN – $61.20 for 2 years @2.55/mo [Save up to 76% off]
Annual Black Friday / Cyber Monday VPN Deals:
- NordVPN – $83.88 for 1 year of VPN @6.99/mo
- ExpressVPN -$99.95 for 12 + 3 free months of VPN @6.67/mo
- PrivateVPN – $50.40 for 12 + 1 free months of VPN @3.88/mo
- IvacyVPN – $40 for 1 year of VPN @3.33/mo
- SaferVPN – $59.88 for 1 year of VPN @4.99/mo
- ShadeYou VPN – $27.99 for 1 year of VPN @2.33/mo
- Surfshark VPN – $71.88 for 1 year of VPN @5.99/mo
- CyberGhost VPN – $63 for 12 + 6 free months of VPN @5.25/mo
- Private Internet Access – $39.95 for 1 year of VPN @3.33/mo
Six Months Black Friday / Cyber Monday VPN Deals:
- ExpressVPN -$59.95 for 6 months of VPN @9.99/mo
- CyberghostVPN – $47.94 for 6 months of VPN @7.99/mo
- ShadeYou VPN – $20.98 for 6 months of VPN @3.5/mo
Monthly Black Friday / Cyber Monday VPN Deals:
- PureVPN – $10.95
- NordVPN – $11.95
- ExpressVPN – $12.95
- Surfshark – $11.95
- PrivateVPN – $10.95
- IvacyVPN – $9.95
- CyberghostVPN – $11.99
- ShadeYou VPN – $7.95
Black Friday only comes once a year and if you don’t take the full advantage of it this time, you’re seriously gonna miss out on some amazing VPN Cyber Monday/Black Friday deals.
Black Friday/Cyber MondayVPN deals 2018 and discounts are hard to find, which is why I have listed over 70 VPN providers that are offering awesome discounts this year.
So instead of complaining, let’s rejoice for the blessing that is the internet and let the savings rain this Black Friday/Cyber Monday
Your feedback is important to us. Let us know if this article was helpful?